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Ruben Gromov
Ruben Gromov

Fce Use Of English 2 Student Bookpdf



The centre offers its students training in basic skills and tools in order to read the materials remaining from the medieval past and to explore them with learning and imagination. All students entering the centre are asked to improve their proficiency in Latin before registration, since there are Medieval Latin requirements for all degrees. Examinations in Medieval Latin are set at the beginning of the Fall session and at the end of the Spring session. All incoming students must take the Level One Latin examination at the beginning of the Fall session for placement purposes.




Fce Use Of English 2 Student Bookpdf



In the MA program, course training in Latin is given at two levels. All students are expected to arrive with knowledge equivalent to at least a first-year university course in Latin language. MST1000Y Medieval Latin I is the MA-level course. While this course is preparatory to the departmental Level One Latin examination, a pass in the course does not guarantee a pass of the departmental examination at the corresponding level. Advanced seminars are open to those MA students who have achieved a pass of the Level Two Latin examination.


During Years 1 and 2, students must take a minimum of 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs), i.e., 2.0 FCEs in a major field and 1.0 FCE in a minor field. In view of the CMS's interdepartmental nature, some of these courses on the Middle Ages can be taken in other departments, with the approval of the PhD coordinator. MST1001Y may not be counted towards the 1.0 FCE minor field requirements or included in the 3.0 FCEs minimum for the degree; but it must be taken in addition to the 3.0 FCEs minimum by all those who do not pass the Level Two Latin examination right before or upon arrival in the program. In addition to the 3.0 FCEs minimum, MST1003H Professional Development for Medieval Studies PhDs (Credit /No Credit) must be taken by all students over the course of the first three years of registration.


In the PhD program, course training in Latin is given at two levels. MST1001Y Medieval Latin II is the PhD-level course. While this course is preparatory to the departmental Level Two Latin examination, a pass in the course does not guarantee a pass of the departmental examination at the corresponding level. Advanced seminars are open to those with either prior credit in MST1001Y or else a pass of the Level Two Latin examination. These seminars thus serve both advanced students of medieval Latin as well as those who have passed MST1001Y but require further training in order to achieve the Level Two Latin examination pass.


By the end of the Fall session of Year 2, students should have a full Advisory Committee, consisting of a supervisor and two other members. The Advisory Committee must be formally approved by the PhD coordinator.


During the Spring session of the same academic year, students should develop the Special Field Proposal in consultation with the Advisory Committee. The proposal must be prepared according to CMS guidelines and consists of three documents:


Special Field Examination: the purpose is to demonstrate both the student's scholarly expertise in the particular area of doctoral dissertation and a broader academic competence. The Special Field Examination consists of the following:


Students must pass the Level Two Latin examination and the CMS's examinations in the French and German languages before moving on to the Special Field Examination. In exceptional cases, a student may petition to replace one of the modern languages (French and German) with another language in their area of research. A written request, with a signed confirmation of support for the petition from the supervisor, must be submitted as early as possible, and no later than the end of the Fall session of Year 2 for consideration by the Executive Committee. In the case of a successful petition, the student will be expected to take the exam no later than the next examination date. Such substitute examinations will be offered no more than two times per year (April and September). Failure to pass all the language exams by the end of Year 3 leads to an automatic failure of the Special Field Examination and thus, to termination from the program.


During Years 1, 2, and 3, students must take a minimum of 5.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs), including 2.0 FCEs in a major field and 1.0 FCE in a minor field. In view of the CMS's interdepartmental nature, some of these courses on the Middle Ages can be taken in other departments, with the approval of the PhD coordinator. MST1001Y may not be counted towards the 1.0 FCE minor field requirements or included in the 5.0 FCEs minimum for the degree, but it must be taken in addition to the 5.0 FCEs minimum by all those who do not pass the Level Two Latin examination right before or upon arrival in the program. In addition to the 5.0 FCEs minimum, MST1003H Professional Development for Medieval Studies PhDs (Credit /No Credit) must be taken by all students over the course of the first three years of registration.


In the PhD program, course training in Latin is given at two levels. MST1001Y Medieval Latin II is the PhD-level course. While this course is preparatory to the departmental Level Two Latin examination, a pass in the course does not guarantee a pass of the departmental examination at the corresponding level. Advanced seminars are open to those with either prior credit in MST1001Y or else a pass of the Level Two Latin examination. These seminars thus serve both advanced students of medieval Latin as well as those who have passed MST1001Y but require further training in order to achieve the Level Two Latin examination pass.


By the end of the Fall session of Year 3, students should have a full Advisory Committee, consisting of a supervisor and two other members. The Advisory Committee must be formally approved by the PhD coordinator.


Students must pass the Level Two Latin examination and the CMS's examinations in the French and German languages before moving on to the Special Field Examination. In exceptional cases, a student may petition to replace one of the modern languages (French and German) with another language in their area of research. A written request, with a signed confirmation of support for the petition from the supervisor, must be submitted as early as possible, and no later than the end of the Fall session of Year 2 for consideration by the Executive Committee. In the case of a successful petition, the student will be expected to take the exam no later than the next examination date. Such substitute examinations will be offered no more than two times per year (April and September). Failure to pass all the language exams by the end of the Spring session of Year 4 leads to an automatic failure of the Special Field Examination and thus to termination from the program.


It is possible to complete a direct-entry PhD in Medieval Studies in five years but some students, depending on their background preparation, find that it takes longer than five years. Students intending to work in an area of medieval studies that requires the acquisition of one or more extra languages may find that it is not possible to complete a doctorate within five years.


This book documents a major study comparing the Cambridge First Certificate in English (FCE) with the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) to investigate similarities in test content, candidature and use. While both tests were designed to measure many of the same abilities, they represent radically different approaches to language test development, reflecting deeper differences between educational measurement traditions in the US and UK. The thorough investigation of the fundamental characteristics and operational utility of two of the most widely used English tests for foreign students makes this study a valuable contribution to language testing research. As such, it will be of considerable interest to langauge testing specialists and examination boards, as well as to academic researchers and graduate students in the field of langauge assessment more generally.


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